Welcome to the sixth Xhosa lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Xhosa to help you practice your daily phrases.
|Cardinal and Ordinal - Xhosa|
|eleven lishumi elinanye|
|eleventh okweshumi elinanye|
|twelve lishumi elinesibini|
|twelfth okweshumi elinesibini|
|thirteen lishumi elinesithathu|
|thirteenth okweshumi elinesithathu|
|fourteen lishumi elinesine|
|fifteen lishumi elinesihlanu|
|sixteen lishumi elinesithandathu|
|seventeen lishumi elinesixhenxe|
|eighteen lishumi elinesibhozo|
|nineteen lishumi elinethoba|
|twenty amashumi amabini|
|seventy one amashumi asixhenxe ananye|
|one hundred likhulu|
Xhosa cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Xhosa. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.
|Grammar + Rules - Xhosa|
|I have three dogs|
[number + noun] ndinezinja ezintathu
|my daughter has two cats|
[number + noun] intombi yam ineekati ezimbini
|she speaks seven languages|
[verb + number] uthetha iilwimi ezisixhenxe
|my brother has one son|
[number + singular noun] umtakwethu unonyana omnye
|this is my second lesson|
[ordinal number + noun] esi sisifundo sam sesibini
|did you read the third book?|
[ordinal number + noun] uyifundile incwadi yesithathu?
We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.
Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.
|English - Xhosa|
|Where are you from? uvelaphi?|
|I'm from the U.S ndivela eU.S|
|I'm American ndingumelika|
|Where do you live? Uhlalaphi?|
|I live in the U.S Ndihlala eU.S|
|What do you do for a living? Uziphilisa ngantoni?|
|I'm a student Ndiyafunda|
Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Xhosa? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have homepage. You can now check the next lesson below.
Inspirational Quote: Do not wait to strike till the iron is hot; but make it hot by striking. William B. Sprague