Urdu Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Urdu grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Urdu and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Urdu and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Urdu.

Prepositions
Urdu
and
اور Audio
above
اوپر Audio
under
کے نیچے Audio
before
پہلے Audio
after
کے بعد Audio
in front of
کے سامنے Audio
behind
پیچھے Audio
far from
کافی دور Audio
near
کے قریب Audio
in
میں Audio
inside
اندر Audio
outside
باہر Audio
with
کے ساتھ Audio
without
کے بغیر Audio
about
سے متعلق Audio
between
کے درمیان Audio
but
مگر، لیکن Audio
for
بابت، برائے Audio
from
سے Audio
to
کو Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Urdu
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
میں چھری کے بغیر کھاتا ہوں Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
وہ چرچ کے قریب رہتی ہے Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
وہ اس سے بھی زیادہ طویل ہے Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
انہوں نے اپنے چھوٹے کتے کے ساتھ آئے تھے Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
تم میرے ساتھ آ سکتے ہیں؟ Audio

Negation in Urdu

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Urdu
I understand you
[affirmative form]
میں تمہاری بات سمجھ رہا ہوں Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
مجھے آپ کی بات سمجھ نہیں آ رہی ہے Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
یہ درست لفظ نہیں ہے Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
مجھے چھوڑ کر مت جاو Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
کوئی مسئلہ نہیں Audio

Negative Sentences
Urdu
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
میں فرانسیسی نہیں بولتا. Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
اس نے جرمنی کا دورہ نہیں کیا Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
وہ ہمیں نہیں دیکھ سکتا Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
کیا وہ شطرنج نہیں کھیل سکتی ہے؟ Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
ہم دیر سے نہیں آینگے Audio

Questions in Urdu

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Urdu
how?
کس طرح؟ Audio
what?
کیا؟ Audio
who?
کون؟ Audio
why?
کیوں؟ Audio
where?
کہاں ؟ Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Urdu
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
تم کہاں رہتے ہو؟ Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
کیا وہ چینی بولتی ہے؟ Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
یہ کتنے کا ہے؟ Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
کیا میں آپ کی مدد کر سکتا ہوں؟ Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
تمہارا نام کیا ہے؟ Audio

Adverbs in Urdu

It's time to learn the adverbs in Urdu. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Urdu
now
ابھی Audio
yesterday
کل(گزرا ہوا) Audio
today
آج Audio
tonight
آج رات Audio
tomorrow
کل(آنے والا) Audio
soon
عنقریب Audio
quickly
تیزی سے Audio
slowly
آہستگی سے Audio
together
اکھٹے Audio
very
زیادہ Audio
almost
تقریباً Audio
always
ہمیشہ Audio
usually
عموماً Audio
sometimes
کبھی کبھی Audio
rarely
شاز و نادر Audio
never
کبھی نہیں Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Urdu
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
کیا تم مجھے اب سمجھ رہے ہو؟ Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
مجھے فورا" مدد کی ضرورت ہے Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
وہ بہت سمجھدار ہے Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
میں تم سے ہمیشہ محبت کروں گا Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
کیا ہم ایک ساتھ جرمن زبان سیکھ سکتے ہیں؟ Audio

Pronouns in Urdu

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Urdu. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Urdu
I
میں Audio
you
تو، تم، آپ Audio
he
وہ(مرد) Audio
she
وہ(عورت) Audio
we
ہم Audio
they
وہ(جمع) Audio

Object Pronouns
Urdu
me
مجھے Audio
you
تو، تم، آپ Audio
him
ان کو (مرد کے لیے) Audio
her
ان کو (عورت کے لیے) Audio
us
ہمیں Audio
them
انیں Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Urdu
my
میرا Audio
your
تیرا، تمہارا، آپ کا Audio
his
ان کا Audio
her
ان کی Audio
our
ہمارا Audio
their
ان کا (جمع) Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Urdu
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
میں تمہارا دوست ہوں Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
آپ بہت تیز بولتے ہیں Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
اس کے پاس تین کتے ہیں Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
وہ جرمن زبان میں بات کر سکتی ہے Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
ہم دیر سے نہیں آئنگے Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
انھونوں نے دودھ اور ڈبل روٹی خریدی Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Urdu
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
آپ مجھے اپنا نام بتا سکتے ہیں؟ Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
میں آپ کو پیسے دونگا Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
اس نے اسے ایک خط لکھا تھا Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
وہ کل اس کے پاس گیے Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
کیا وہ ہماری مدد کر سکتی ہے؟ Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
اس نے انہیں کھانا دیا Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Urdu
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
میرا نام مایا ہے Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
آپ کا بھائی یہاں رہتا ہے Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
اس کی ماں ہمارے لئے کھانا پکاتی ہے Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
کتابیں پڑھنا اس کا شوق ہے Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
ہمارا خواب پیرس کا دورہ کرنا ہے Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
ان کا گھر دور نہیں ہے Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Urdu
this is my house
یہ میرا گھر ہے Audio
that restaurant is far
یہ ریستوران دور ہے Audio
these apples are delicious
یہ سیب مزیدار ہیں Audio
those stars are shiny
وہ ستارے چمکدار ہیں Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Urdu grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Urdu Phrases   Urdu Phrases

Urdu Vocabulary   Urdu Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus