Sindhi Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Sindhi grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Sindhi and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Sindhi and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Sindhi.

Prepositions
Sindhi
and
۽
above
مٿان
under
هيٺان
before
پهرين
after
پوءِ
in front of
جي سامهون
behind
پٺيان
far from
ڏورانهون
near
ويجهو
in
۾
inside
اندر
outside
ٻاهر
with
سان
without
کانسواءِ
about
جي باري ۾
between
وچ۾
but
پر
for
لاءِ
from
پاران
to
ڏانهن

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Sindhi
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
مان ڇُري کانسواءِ کائيندو آهيان
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
هو گرجا جي ڀرسان رهندي آهي
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
هو هُن (ڇوڪريِ) کان وڌيڪ ڊگھو آهي
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
هو پاڻ سان گڏ ننڍڙو ڪتو کڻي آيو
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
ڇا توهان مونسان گڏ اچي سگھو ٿا؟

Negation in Sindhi

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Sindhi
I understand you
[affirmative form]
مان توهانجي ڳالھ سمجهان پيو
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
مونکي توهانجي ڳالھ سمجھ ۾ نٿي اچي
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
هي درست لفظ ناهي
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
مونکي ڇڏي نـ وڃ
no problem
[negation + noun]
ڪا ڳالھ ناهي

Negative Sentences
Sindhi
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
مان فرينڄ نٿو ڳالهائي سگھان
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
هن جرمني ڪانـ گھمي ڏٺي
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
هو اسانکي ڏسي نٿو سگھي
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
ڇا هو شطرنج نٿي کيڏي سگھي؟
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
اسان دير نـ ڪنداسين

Questions in Sindhi

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Sindhi
how?
ڪيئن؟
what?
ڇا؟
who?
ڪير؟
why?
ڇو؟
where?
ڪٿي؟

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Sindhi
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
توهان ڪٿي رهندا آهيو؟
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
ڇا هو چيني ڳالهائي سگھي ٿي؟
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
هي ڪيترو لهي؟
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
مان توهان جي مدد ڪريان؟
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
توهان جو نالو ڇا آهي؟

Adverbs in Sindhi

It's time to learn the adverbs in Sindhi. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Sindhi
now
هاڻي
yesterday
ڪالھ
today
اڄ
tonight
اڄ رات
tomorrow
سڀاڻي
soon
ستت ئي
quickly
تڪڙو
slowly
آهستي آهستي
together
گڏوگڏ
very
گھڻو
almost
تقريبن
always
سدائين
usually
عام طور تي
sometimes
ڪڏهن ڪڏهن
rarely
ورلي
never
ڪڏهن بـ نـ

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Sindhi
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
توهان هاڻ منهنجي ڳالھ سمجهي؟
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
مونکي هڪدم مدد گھرجي
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
هو ڏاڍي سياڻي آهي
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
مان سدائين توکي چاهيندو رهندس
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
ڇا اسان گڏجي ڪري جرمن سکي سگھون ٿا؟

Pronouns in Sindhi

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Sindhi. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Sindhi
I
مان
you
تون
he
هوُ
she
اها
we
اسان
they
اهي

Object Pronouns
Sindhi
me
مان
you
تون
him
هنکي
her
هن جو
us
اسان
them
انهن کي

Possessive Pronouns
Sindhi
my
منهنجو
your
توهانجو
his
هن جو
her
انهي جو
our
اسانجو
their
انهن جو

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Sindhi
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
مان توهانجو دوست آهيان
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
توهان ڏاڍاو تڪڙو ڳالهايو ٿا
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
هن وٽ ٽي ڪتا آهن
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
هو جرمن ڳالهائي سگھي ٿي
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
اسان دير نـ ڪنداسين
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
هنن کير ۽ ماني خريد ڪئي

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Sindhi
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
ڇا توهان مونکي پنهنجو نالو ٻڌائي سگھو ٿا؟
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
مان توهانکي پئسا ڏيندس
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
هن کيس هڪ خط لکيو
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
انهن ڪالھ هن وٽان چڪر هنيو
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
ڇا هو اسانجي مدد ڪري سگھي ٿي؟
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
هن کين کاڌو ڏنو

Possessive Pronouns
Sindhi
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
منهنجو نالو مايا آهي
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
توهانجو ڀاءُ هتي رهندو آهي
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
هن جي ماءُ اسانکي ماني پچائي ڏيندي آهي
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
هن جي وندر ڪتاب پڙهڻ آهي
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
اسانجو خواب پئرس گھمڻ آهي
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
سندن گھر پري ناهي

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Sindhi
this is my house
هي منهنجو گھر آهي
that restaurant is far
اهو ريسٽورنٽ پري آهي
these apples are delicious
هي صوف سواد وارا آهن
those stars are shiny
اهي ستارا چمڪندڙ آهن

I hope you learned a lot about the Sindhi grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Sindhi Phrases   Sindhi Phrases

Sindhi Vocabulary   Sindhi Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus