Homepage ☰

Vocabulary 🔤

Numbers 🔢

Phrases 💬

Grammar 📘


Sindhi Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Sindhi grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Sindhi and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Sindhi and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Sindhi.

Prepositions - Sindhi
and ۽
above مٿان
under هيٺان
before پهرين
after پوءِ
in front of جي سامهون
behind پٺيان
far from ڏورانهون
near ويجهو
in ۾
inside اندر
outside ٻاهر
with سان
without کانسواءِ
about جي باري ۾
between وچ۾
but پر
for لاءِ
from پاران
to ڏانهن

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules - Sindhi
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun] مان ڇُري کانسواءِ کائيندو آهيان
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition] هو گرجا جي ڀرسان رهندي آهي
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition] هو هُن (ڇوڪريِ) کان وڌيڪ ڊگھو آهي
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun] هو پاڻ سان گڏ ننڍڙو ڪتو کڻي آيو
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun] ڇا توهان مونسان گڏ اچي سگھو ٿا؟

Negation in Sindhi

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules - Sindhi
I understand you
[affirmative form] مان توهانجي ڳالھ سمجهان پيو
I don't understand you
[negation + verb] مونکي توهانجي ڳالھ سمجھ ۾ نٿي اچي
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective] هي درست لفظ ناهي
don't leave me
[imperative negation] مونکي ڇڏي نـ وڃ
no problem
[negation + noun] ڪا ڳالھ ناهي

Negative Sentences - Sindhi
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense] مان فرينڄ نٿو ڳالهائي سگھان
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense] هن جرمني ڪانـ گھمي ڏٺي
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb] هو اسانکي ڏسي نٿو سگھي
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation] ڇا هو شطرنج نٿي کيڏي سگھي؟
we will not come late
[negation + future tense] اسان دير نـ ڪنداسين

Questions in Sindhi

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English - Sindhi
how? ڪيئن؟
what? ڇا؟
who? ڪير؟
why? ڇو؟
where? ڪٿي؟

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules - Sindhi
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb] توهان ڪٿي رهندا آهيو؟
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb] ڇا هو چيني ڳالهائي سگھي ٿي؟
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition] هي ڪيترو لهي؟
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb] مان توهان جي مدد ڪريان؟
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition] توهان جو نالو ڇا آهي؟

Adverbs in Sindhi

It's time to learn the adverbs in Sindhi. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs - Sindhi
now هاڻي
yesterday ڪالھ
today اڄ
tonight اڄ رات
tomorrow سڀاڻي
soon ستت ئي
quickly تڪڙو
slowly آهستي آهستي
together گڏوگڏ
very گھڻو
almost تقريبن
always سدائين
usually عام طور تي
sometimes ڪڏهن ڪڏهن
rarely ورلي
never ڪڏهن بـ نـ

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules - Sindhi
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb] توهان هاڻ منهنجي ڳالھ سمجهي؟
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb] مونکي هڪدم مدد گھرجي
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective] هو ڏاڍي سياڻي آهي
I will always love you
[verb + adverb] مان سدائين توکي چاهيندو رهندس
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question] ڇا اسان گڏجي ڪري جرمن سکي سگھون ٿا؟

Pronouns in Sindhi

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Sindhi. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns - Sindhi
I مان
you تون
he هوُ
she اها
we اسان
they اهي

Object Pronouns - Sindhi
me مان
you تون
him هنکي
her هن جو
us اسان
them انهن کي

Possessive Pronouns - Sindhi
my منهنجو
your توهانجو
his هن جو
her انهي جو
our اسانجو
their انهن جو

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns - Sindhi
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb] مان توهانجو دوست آهيان
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb] توهان ڏاڍاو تڪڙو ڳالهايو ٿا
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb] هن وٽ ٽي ڪتا آهن
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb] هو جرمن ڳالهائي سگھي ٿي
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun] اسان دير نـ ڪنداسين
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun] هنن کير ۽ ماني خريد ڪئي

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns - Sindhi
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun] ڇا توهان مونکي پنهنجو نالو ٻڌائي سگھو ٿا؟
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun] مان توهانکي پئسا ڏيندس
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun] هن کيس هڪ خط لکيو
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun] انهن ڪالھ هن وٽان چڪر هنيو
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun] ڇا هو اسانجي مدد ڪري سگھي ٿي؟
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun] هن کين کاڌو ڏنو

Possessive Pronouns - Sindhi
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun] منهنجو نالو مايا آهي
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun] توهانجو ڀاءُ هتي رهندو آهي
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun] هن جي ماءُ اسانکي ماني پچائي ڏيندي آهي
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun] هن جي وندر ڪتاب پڙهڻ آهي
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun] اسانجو خواب پئرس گھمڻ آهي
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun] سندن گھر پري ناهي

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns - Sindhi
this is my house هي منهنجو گھر آهي
that restaurant is far اهو ريسٽورنٽ پري آهي
these apples are delicious هي صوف سواد وارا آهن
those stars are shiny اهي ستارا چمڪندڙ آهن

I hope you learned a lot about the Sindhi grammar in this lesson. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus

Homepage ☰

Vocabulary 🔤

Numbers 🔢

Phrases 💬

Grammar 📘


Copyright © 2018 LEARN101.ORG.
All rights reserved.