Javanese Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Javanese. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Javanese.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Javanese conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Javanese
I speak English
aku bisa ngomong cara Inggris
you speak French
kowe ngomong cara Prancis
he speaks German
dheweke ngomong cara Jerman
she speaks Italian
dheweke ngomong cara Italia
we speak Arabic
kita ngomong cara Arab
they speak Chinese
dheweke ngomong cara Cina

The past tense in Javanese conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Javanese
I visited France
aku ngunjungi Prancis
you visited Italy
kowe ngunjungi Italia
he visited Morocco
dheweke ngunjungi Maroko
she visited China
dheweke ngunjungi Cina
we visited Mexico
kita ngunjungi Meksiko
they visited Kenya
dheweke ngunjungi Kenya

The future tense in Javanese conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Javanese
I will drink milk
aku bakal ngombe susu
you will drink coffee
kowe bakal ngombe kopi
he will drink tea
dheweke bakal ngombe teh
she will drink water
dheweke bakal ngombe banyu
we will drink apple juice
dheweke bakal ngombe jus apel
they will drink tea
dheweke bakal ngombe teh

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
kuping
eye
eye
mata
mouth
mouth
cangkem
nose
nose
irung
hair
hair
rambut
face
face
rai
head
head
sirah
heart
heart
ati
hand
hand
tangan
fingers
fingers
driji-driji
leg
leg
sikil
feet
feet
sikil

Travel Phrases in Javanese

Imagine yourself in some Javanese speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Javanese
Can you help me?
Bisa mbantu aku?
Can I help you?
Bisa tak bantu?
Where is the airport?
Ing ngendi bandarane?
Go straight
Mlaku kenceng
Then
Terus
Turn left
Menggok kiwa
Turn right
Menggok tengen

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Javanese was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Javanese Vocabulary   Javanese Vocabulary

Javanese Audio   Javanese Audio



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