Javanese Plural

Welcome to the fourth Javanese lesson about the plural. This time we will learn about the singular form and what it looks like in the plural, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of emergency phrases.

book
book
buku
books
books
buku
car
car
montor
cars
cars
montor
tree
tree
uwit
trees
trees
uwit
flower
flower
kembang
flowers
flowers
kembang

Plural Grammar Rules

The plural is the form which refers to more than one object or person. For example: I speak two languages the plural here is [languages] because it refers to more than one [language]. The examples below use plurals in different ways and places to demonstrate how they look wehn converted from their singular form.

Grammar + Rules
Javanese
I speak one language
[singular form]
Aku isa ngomong siji basa
we speak three languages
[plural noun]
Ing kene ana telung basa
he visits many countries
[adverb + plural noun]
dheweke marani akeh negara
they are happy now
[plural pronoun]
saiki dheweke seneng
she has five red shoes
[adjective + plural noun]
dheweke duwe sepatu abang cacahe lima
I want a sandwich without onions
[preposition + plural noun]
aku pengin sandwich tanpa bawang

The following is a list of examples showing both the singular and plural form. This demonstrates how the plural is used with humans, objects and animals.

woman
woman
wong wadon
women
women
wong wadon
man
man
wong lanang
men
men
wong lanang
house
house
omah
houses
houses
omah
cup
country
cangkir
cups
countries
cangkir
cow
cow
sapi
cows
cows
sapi-sapi
horse
horse
jaran
horses
horses
jaran-jaran

Emergency Phrases

Now it's time to practice your Javanese by looking at these phrases which are related to emergencies. Be prepared when traveling abroad, just in case you need help or by offering help to someone else. I recommend writing these expressions down on a notebook before traveling.

English
Javanese
Help
Bantuan
Call the ambulance
Telpon ambulan
I need a doctor
Aku butuh dokter
Where is the closest pharmacy?
Neng endi apotik paling cedhek?
Are you okay?
Kowe ora papa?
I am sick
Aku lara
Call the police
Tepon polisi

Did you enjoy this lesson about the plural in Javanese? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Javanese Nouns   Javanese Nouns

Javanese Gender   Javanese Gender



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