Irish Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Irish. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Irish.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Irish conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Irish
I speak English
labhraím Béarla Audio
you speak French
labhraíonn tú Fraincís Audio
he speaks German
labhraíonn sé Gearmáinis Audio
she speaks Italian
labhraíonn sí Iodáilis Audio
we speak Arabic
labhraíonn muid Araibis Audio
they speak Chinese
labhraíonn siad Sínis Audio

The past tense in Irish conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Irish
I visited France
thug mé cuairt ar an bhFrainc Audio
you visited Italy
thug tú cuairt ar an Iodáil Audio
he visited Morocco
thug sé cuairt ar Mharacó Audio
she visited China
thug sí cuairt ar an tSín Audio
we visited Mexico
thugamar cuairt ar Mheicsiceo Audio
they visited Kenya
thug siad cuairt ar Chéinia Audio

The future tense in Irish conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Irish
I will drink milk
ólfaidh mé bainne Audio
you will drink coffee
ólfaidh tú caife Audio
he will drink tea
ólfaidh sé tae Audio
she will drink water
ólfaidh sí uisce Audio
we will drink apple juice
ólfaimid sú úll Audio
they will drink tea
ólfaidh siad tae Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
cluas
eye
eye Audio
súil
mouth
mouth Audio
béal
nose
nose Audio
srón
hair
hair Audio
gruaig
face
face Audio
aghaidh
head
head Audio
ceann/cloigeann
heart
heart Audio
croí
hand
hand Audio
lámh
fingers
fingers Audio
méaracha
leg
leg Audio
cos
feet
feet Audio
cosa

Travel Phrases in Irish

Imagine yourself in some Irish speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Irish
Can you help me?
an féidir leat cúnamh a thabhairt dom? Audio
Can I help you?
an féidir liom cúnamh a thabhairt duit? Audio
Where is the airport?
cá bhfuil an t-aerfort? Audio
Go straight
téigh díreach ar aghaidh Audio
Then
ansin Audio
Turn left
cas ar chlé Audio
Turn right
cas ar dheis Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Irish was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Irish Vocabulary   Irish Vocabulary

Irish Audio   Irish Audio



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