Irish Gender

Welcome to the fifth Irish lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Irish to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
fear
woman
woman Audio
bean
husband
husband Audio
fear chéile
wife
wife Audio
bean chéile
boy
boy Audio
buachaill
girl
girl Audio
cailín
father
father Audio
athair
mother
mother Audio
máthair

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Irish
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
ismac léinn é mo mhac Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
is mac léinn í a hiníon Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
tá deartháir ard aige Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
tá deirfiúr ard aici Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
tá a chuid deartháireacha óg Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
tá a chuid deirfiúracha óg Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
mac
daughter
daughter Audio
iníon
brother
brother Audio
deartháir
sister
sister Audio
deirfiúr
grandfather
grandfather Audio
seanathair
grandmother
grandmother Audio
seanmháthair
child
child Audio
leanbh
children
children Audio
leanaí

Expressions in Irish

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Irish, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Irish
What do you mean?
cad a chiallaíonn tú? Audio
I don't understand
ní thuigim! Audio
I don't know
níl a fhios agam! Audio
What is that called in Irish?
cad é an ghaeilge atá ar sin? Audio
What is this?
céard é seo? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
céard a chiallaíonn an focal sin i mbéarla? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
tá brón orm! Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Irish. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Irish Plural   Irish Plural

Irish Numbers   Irish Numbers



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