Basque Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Basque. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Basque.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Basque conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Basque
I speak English
ingelesez hitz egiten dut Audio
you speak French
frantsesez hitz egiten duzu Audio
he speaks German
alemanez hitz egiten du Audio
she speaks Italian
italieraz hitz egiten du Audio
we speak Arabic
arabieraz hitz egiten dugu Audio
they speak Chinese
txineraz hitz egiten dute Audio

The past tense in Basque conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Basque
I visited France
frantzia bisitatu nuen Audio
you visited Italy
italia bisitatu zenuen Audio
he visited Morocco
maroko bisitatu zuen Audio
she visited China
txina bisitatu zuen Audio
we visited Mexico
mexiko bisitatu genuen Audio
they visited Kenya
kenya bisitatu zuten Audio

The future tense in Basque conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Basque
I will drink milk
esnea edango dut Audio
you will drink coffee
kafea edango duzu Audio
he will drink tea
tea edango du Audio
she will drink water
ura edango du Audio
we will drink apple juice
sagar zukua edango dugu Audio
they will drink tea
tea edango dute Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
belarria
eye
eye Audio
begia
mouth
mouth Audio
ahoa
nose
nose Audio
sudurra
hair
hair Audio
ilea
face
face Audio
aurpegia
head
head Audio
burua
heart
heart Audio
bihotza
hand
hand Audio
eskua
fingers
fingers Audio
hatzamarrak
leg
leg Audio
hanka
feet
feet Audio
oinak

Travel Phrases in Basque

Imagine yourself in some Basque speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Basque
Can you help me?
lagundu al diezadakezu? Audio
Can I help you?
lagundu al diezazuket? Audio
Where is the airport?
non dago aireportua? Audio
Go straight
joan zaitez zuzenean Audio
Then
gero Audio
Turn left
ezkerrera biratu Audio
Turn right
eskuinera biratu Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Basque was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Basque Vocabulary   Basque Vocabulary

Basque Audio   Basque Audio



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