Basque Gender

Welcome to the fifth Basque lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Basque to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
gizona
woman
woman Audio
emakumea
husband
husband Audio
senarra
wife
wife Audio
emaztea
boy
boy Audio
mutila
girl
girl Audio
neska
father
father Audio
aita
mother
mother Audio
ama

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Basque
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
nire semea ikaslea da Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
bere alaba ikaslea da Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
anaia altu bat dauka Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ahizpa altu bat dauka Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
bere anaiak gazteak dira Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
bere arrebak gazteak dira Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
semea
daughter
daughter Audio
alaba
brother
brother Audio
anaia, neba
sister
sister Audio
arreba, ahizpa
grandfather
grandfather Audio
aitona
grandmother
grandmother Audio
amona
child
child Audio
seme -alaba
children
children Audio
seme -alabak

Expressions in Basque

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Basque, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Basque
What do you mean?
zer esan nahi duzu? Audio
I don't understand
ez dut ulertzen! Audio
I don't know
ez dakit! Audio
What is that called in Basque?
nola deitzen da hori euskaraz? Audio
What is this?
zer da hau? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
zer esan nahi du hitz horrek ingelesez? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
barkatu! Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Basque. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Basque Plural   Basque Plural

Basque Numbers   Basque Numbers



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