Basque Nouns

Welcome to the third Basque lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed by grammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Basque to help you practice your daily phrases.

potatoes
potatoes Audio
patatak
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
tomateak
onions
onions Audio
tipulak
carrots
carrots Audio
azenarioak
fruits
fruits Audio
fruta
apples
apples Audio
sagarrak
bananas
bananas Audio
bananak
oranges
oranges Audio
laranjak

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Basque
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
esnerik al daukazu? Audio
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
esnea eta kafea dauzkat Audio
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
hiru sagar dauzka Audio
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
sagar bat bakarrik dauka Audio
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
etxe txiki batean bizi gara Audio
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
gure gosaria gustatzen zait. Audio

The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.

bread
bread Audio
ogia
milk
milk Audio
esnea
butter
butter Audio
gurina
cheese
cheese Audio
gazta
coffee
coffee Audio
kafea
sandwich
sandwich Audio
sandwich -a
meat
meat Audio
haragia
chicken
chicken Audio
oilaskoa
fish
fish Audio
arraina
breakfast
breakfast Audio
gosaria
lunch
lunch Audio
bazkaria
dinner
dinner Audio
afaria

Conversation in Basque

Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Basque
Do you speak (English/ Basque)?
(ingelesez / euskaraz) hitzegiten al duzu? Audio
Just a little
piska bat Audio
I like Basque
euskara atsegin dut Audio
Can I practice with you?
zurekin praktikatu al dezaket? Audio
How old are you?
zenbat urte dauzkazu? Audio
I'm thirty three years old
hogeita hiru urte dauzkat Audio
It was nice talking to you
[uj: not used] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the nouns in Basque. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now check the next lesson below.

Basque Adjectives   Basque Adjectives

Basque Plural   Basque Plural



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