Amharic Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Amharic. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Amharic.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Amharic conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Amharic
Pronunciation
I speak English
እንግሊዘኛ እናገራለሁ
[ʾənəgəlizäña ʾənagäralähu] Audio
you speak French
ፈረሳይኛ ትናገራለህ
[färäsayəña tənagäralähə] Audio
he speaks German
ጀርመንኛ ይናገራለህ
[ǧärəmänəña yənagäralähə] Audio
she speaks Italian
ጣሊያንኛ ትናገራለች
[t'aliyanəña tənagäraläčə] Audio
we speak Arabic
አረብኛ እንናገራለህ
[ʾäräbəña ʾənənagäralähə] Audio
they speak Chinese
ቻይንኛ ይናገራሉ
[čayənəña yənagäralu] Audio

The past tense in Amharic conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Amharic
Pronunciation
I visited France
ፈረንሳይን ጐበኘሁ
[färänəsayənə guebäñähu] Audio
you visited Italy
ጣሊያንን ጐበኘህ
[t'aliyanənə guebäñähə] Audio
he visited Morocco
ሞሮኮን ጐበኘ
[morokonə guebäñä] Audio
she visited China
ቻይናን ጐበኘች
[čayənanə guebäñäčə] Audio
we visited Mexico
ሜክሲኮን ጐበኘን
[mekəsikonə guebäñänə] Audio
they visited Kenya
ኬንያን ጐበኙ
[kenəyanə guebäñu] Audio

The future tense in Amharic conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Amharic
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
እኔ ወተት እጠጣለሁ
[ʾəne wätätə ʾət'ät'alähu] Audio
you will drink coffee
አንተ ቡና ትጠጣለህ
[ʾänətä buna tət'ät'alähə] Audio
he will drink tea
እሱ ሻይ ይጠጣል
[ʾəsu šayə yət'ät'alə] Audio
she will drink water
እሷ ውሃ ትጠጣለች
[ʾəሷ wəha tət'ät'aläčə] Audio
we will drink apple juice
እኛ የፖም ጭማቂ እንጠጣለን
[ʾəña yäpomə č'əmaqi ʾənət'ät'alänə] Audio
they will drink tea
እነሱ ሻይ ይጠጣሉ
[ʾənäsu šayə yət'ät'alu] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
ጆሮ [ǧoro]
eye
eye Audio
ዓይን [ʾayənə]
mouth
mouth Audio
አፍ [ʾäfə]
nose
nose Audio
አፍንጫ [ʾäfənəč'a]
hair
hair Audio
ፀጉር [s'ägurə ]
face
face Audio
ፊት [fitə ]
head
head Audio
ራስ [rasə ]
heart
heart Audio
ልብ [ləbə ]
hand
hand Audio
እጅ [ʾəǧə ]
fingers
fingers Audio
ጣቶች [t'atočə]
leg
leg Audio
ቅልጥም [qələt'əmə]
feet
feet Audio
እግሮች [ʾəgəročə ]

Travel Phrases in Amharic

Imagine yourself in some Amharic speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Amharic
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
ልትረዳኝ ትችላለህ?
[lətərädañə təčəlalähə?] Audio
Can I help you?
ምን ልርዳህ?
[mənə lərədahə?] Audio
Where is the airport?
አየር ማረፊያው የት ነው?
[ʾäyärə maräfiyawə yätə näwə?] Audio
Go straight
ቀጥታ ሂድ
[qät'əta hidə] Audio
Then
ከዚያ
[käziya] Audio
Turn left
ወደ ግራ ዙር
[wädä gəra zurə] Audio
Turn right
ወደ ቀኝ ዙር
[wädä qäñə zurə] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Amharic was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Amharic Vocabulary   Amharic Vocabulary

Amharic Audio   Amharic Audio



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