Amharic Gender

Welcome to the fifth Amharic lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Amharic to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man Audio
ወንድ [wänədə]
woman
woman Audio
ሴት [setə]
husband
husband Audio
ባል [balə ]
wife
wife Audio
ሚስት [misətə]
boy
boy Audio
ወንድ ልጅ [wänədə ləǧə ]
girl
girl Audio
ልጃገረድ [ləǧagärädə ]
father
father Audio
እባት [ʾəbatə]
mother
mother Audio
እናት [ʾənatə]

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Amharic + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
ወንድ ልጄ ተማሪ ነው Audio
[wänədə ləǧe tämari näwə ]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ሴት ልጅዋ ተማሪ ነች Audio
[setə ləǧəwa tämari näčə]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
ረጅም ወንድም አለው Audio
[räǧəmə wänədəmə ʾäläwə ]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ረጅም እህት አላት Audio
[räǧəmə ʾəhətə ʾälatə ]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
ወንድሞቹ ወጣቶች ናቸው Audio
[wänədəmoču wät'atočə načäwə ]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
እህቶቹ ወጣቶች ናቸው Audio
[ʾəhətoču wät'atočə načäwə ]

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
ወንድ ልጅ [wänədə ləǧə ]
daughter
daughter Audio
ሴት ልጅ [ setə ləǧə]
brother
brother Audio
ወንድም [wänədəmə]
sister
sister Audio
እህት [ʾəhətə]
grandfather
grandfather Audio
ወንድ አያት [wänədə ʾäyatə]
grandmother
grandmother Audio
ሴት አያት [setə ʾäyatə]
child
child Audio
ልጅ [ləǧə]
children
children Audio
ልጆች [ləǧočə]

Expressions in Amharic

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Amharic, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Amharic
Pronunciation
What do you mean?
ምን ማለትህ ነው?
[mənə malätəhə näwə?] Audio
I don't understand
አልገባኝም
[ʾäləgäbañəmə] Audio
I don't know
አላውቅም
[ʾälawəqəmə] Audio
What is that called in Amharic?
ያ በአማርኛ ምን ተብሎ ይጠራል?
[ya bäʾämarəña mənə täbəlo yət'äralə?] Audio
What is this?
ይህ ምንድነው?
[yəhə mənədənäwə?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?
ያ ቃል በእንግሊዘኛ ምን ማለት ነው?
[ya qalə bäʾənəgəlizäña mənə malätə näwə?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
አዝናለሁ
[ʾäzənalähu] Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Amharic. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Amharic Plural   Amharic Plural

Amharic Numbers   Amharic Numbers



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