Shona Numbers

Welcome to the sixth Shona lesson about numbers. This time we will learn about cardinal and ordinal numbers, followed by grammar rules, then animal names, finally a conversation in Shona to help you practice your daily phrases.

Cardinal and Ordinal
Shona
one
potsi
first
yokutanga
two
piri
second
yepiri
three
tatu
third
yechitatu
four
ina
fourth
yechina
five
shanu
fifth
yechishanu
six
nhanhatu
sixth
yechitanhatu
seven
nomwe
seventh
yechinomwe
eight
sere
eighth
yechisere
nine
pfumbamwe
ninth
yepfumbamwe
ten
gumi
tenth
yegumi
eleven
gumi neimwe
eleventh
yegumi neimwe
twelve
gumi nembiri
twelfth
yegumi nembiri
thirteen
gumi netatu
thirteenth
yegumi netatu
fourteen
gumi neina
once
kamwe chete
fifteen
gumi neshanu
twice
kaviri
sixteen
gumi nenhanhatu
Monday
muvhuro
seventeen
gumi nenomwe
Tuesday
chipiri
eighteen
gumi nesere
Wednesday
chitatu
nineteen
gumi nepfumbamwe
Thursday
china
twenty
makumi maviri
Friday
chishanu
seventy one
makumi manomwe neimwe
Saturday
mugovera
one hundred
zana rimwe chete
Sunday
svondo

Numbers Grammar Rules

Shona cardinal numbers refer to the counting numbers, because they show quantity. For example: I speak two languages. Ordinal numbers on the other hand tell the order of things and their rank: my first language is Shona. The examples below use numbers in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Grammar + Rules
Shona
I have three dogs
[number + noun]
ndine imbwa nhatu
my daughter has two cats
[number + noun]
mwanasikana wangu ane katsi mbiri
she speaks seven languages
[verb + number]
anotaura mitauro minomwe
my brother has one son
[number + singular noun]
munun'una wangu ane mwanakomana mumwechete
this is my second lesson
[ordinal number + noun]
ichi chidzidzo changu chechipiri
did you read the third book?
[ordinal number + noun]
wakaverenga bhuku rechitatu here?

We're not done yet! The following is a list of animals.

cow
cow
mombe
goat
goat
mbudzi
donkey
donkey
dhongi
horse
horse
bhiza
dog
dog
imbwa
cat
cat
katsi
mouse
mouse
mbeva
bird
bird
shiri

Conversation in Shona

Now we finally reach the last part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.

English
Shona
Where are you from?
unobva kupi?
I'm from the U.S
ndinobva kuu.s
I'm American
ndiri wokuamerica
Where do you live?
unogara kupi?
I live in the U.S
ndinogara muu.s
What do you do for a living?
unoitei chinokuraramisa?
I'm a student
ndiri mudzidzi

Did you enjoy this lesson about numbers in Shona? I hope so, if you have any problem with this lesson contact me with questions you have here. You can now check the next lesson below.

Shona Gender   Shona Gender

Shona Phrases   Shona Phrases



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