Pashto Gender

Welcome to the fifth Pashto lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Pashto to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man
سړی
woman
woman
ښځه
husband
husband
مېړه
wife
wife
ښځه
boy
boy
هلک
girl
girl
نجلۍ
father
father
پلار
mother
mother
مور

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Pashto
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
زما زوی یو زده کونکی دی
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
د هغه لور یوه زده کونکی ده
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
هغه د یو لوړ قد خاوند ورور لري
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
هغه د یو لوړ قد خاونده خور لري
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
د هغه ورونه کوچني دي
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
د هغه خورګانې کوچنۍ دي

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son
زوی
daughter
daughter
لور
brother
brother
ورور
sister
sister
خور
grandfather
grandfather
نيکه
grandmother
grandmother
نیا
child
child
ماشوم
children
children
ماشومان

Expressions in Pashto

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Pashto, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Pashto
What do you mean?
ستا څه مطلب دی؟
I don't understand
زه نه پوهېږم
I don't know
زه نه پوهېږم
What is that called in Pashto?
دې ته په پښتو ژبه کې څه وايي؟
What is this?
دا څه شی دی؟
What does that word mean in English?
دغه لغت په انګلیسي ژبه کې څه مانا لري؟
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
بښنه غواړم

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Pashto. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Pashto Plural   Pashto Plural

Pashto Numbers   Pashto Numbers



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