Welcome to the fifth Pashto lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Pashto to help you practice your daily phrases.
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
|Grammar + Rules - Pashto|
|my son is a student|
[masculine + noun] زما زوی یو زده کونکی دی
|her daughter is a student|
[feminine + noun] د هغه لور یوه زده کونکی ده
|he has a tall brother|
[adjective + masculine] هغه د یو لوړ قد خاوند ورور لري
|she has a tall sister|
[adjective + feminine] هغه د یو لوړ قد خاونده خور لري
|his brothers are young|
[plural masculine + adjective] د هغه ورونه کوچني دي
|his sisters are young|
[plural feminine + adjective] د هغه خورګانې کوچنۍ دي
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Pashto, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.
|English - Pashto|
|What do you mean? ستا څه مطلب دی؟|
|I don't understand زه نه پوهېږم|
|I don't know زه نه پوهېږم|
|What is that called in Pashto? دې ته په پښتو ژبه کې څه وايي؟|
|What is this? دا څه شی دی؟|
|What does that word mean in English? دغه لغت په انګلیسي ژبه کې څه مانا لري؟|
|Sorry (if you made a mistake) بښنه غواړم|
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