Latvian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Latvian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Latvian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Latvian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Latvian
I speak English
es runāju angliski Audio
you speak French
tu runā franču valodā Audio
he speaks German
viņš runā vāciski Audio
she speaks Italian
viņa runā itāliski Audio
we speak Arabic
mēs runājam arābu valodā Audio
they speak Chinese
viņi runā ķīniešu valodā Audio

The past tense in Latvian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Latvian
I visited France
es esmu bijis (bijusi) francijā Audio
you visited Italy
jūs esat bijis (bijusi) itālijā Audio
he visited Morocco
viņš ir bijis marokā Audio
she visited China
viņa ir bijusi ķīnā Audio
we visited Mexico
mēs esam bijuši meksikā Audio
they visited Kenya
viņi ir bijuši kenijā Audio

The future tense in Latvian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Latvian
I will drink milk
es dzeršu pienu Audio
you will drink coffee
jūs dzersit kafiju Audio
he will drink tea
viņš dzers tēju Audio
she will drink water
viņa dzers ūdeni Audio
we will drink apple juice
mēs dzersim ābolu sulu Audio
they will drink tea
viņi dzers tēju Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
auss
eye
eye Audio
acs
mouth
mouth Audio
mute
nose
nose Audio
deguns
hair
hair Audio
mati
face
face Audio
seja
head
head Audio
galva
heart
heart Audio
sirds
hand
hand Audio
roka
fingers
fingers Audio
pirksti
leg
leg Audio
kāja
feet
feet Audio
kājas

Travel Phrases in Latvian

Imagine yourself in some Latvian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Latvian
Can you help me?
vai jūs varat man palīdzēt? Audio
Can I help you?
vai es varu jums palīdzēt? Audio
Where is the airport?
kur ir lidosta? Audio
Go straight
ejiet taisni Audio
Then
tad Audio
Turn left
nogriezieties pa kreisi Audio
Turn right
pagriezieties pa labi Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Latvian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Latvian Vocabulary   Latvian Vocabulary

Latvian Audio   Latvian Audio



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