Latvian Gender

Welcome to the fifth Latvian lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Latvian to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
vīrietis
woman
woman Audio
sieviete
husband
husband Audio
vīrs
wife
wife Audio
sieva
boy
boy Audio
zēns
girl
girl Audio
meitene
father
father Audio
tēvs
mother
mother Audio
māte

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Latvian
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
mans dēls ir students Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
viņas meita ir studente Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
viņam ir garš brālis Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
viņai ir gara māsa Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
viņa brāļi ir jauni Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
viņa māsas ir jaunas Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
dēls
daughter
daughter Audio
meita
brother
brother Audio
brālis
sister
sister Audio
māsa
grandfather
grandfather Audio
vectēvs
grandmother
grandmother Audio
vecmāmiņa
child
child Audio
bērns
children
children Audio
bērni

Expressions in Latvian

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Latvian, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Latvian
What do you mean?
ko jūs ar to domājat? Audio
I don't understand
es nesaprotu Audio
I don't know
es nezinu Audio
What is that called in Latvian?
kā tas ir latviski? Audio
What is this?
kas tas ir? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
ko šis vārds nozīmē angliski? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
atvainojiet Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Latvian. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Latvian Plural   Latvian Plural

Latvian Numbers   Latvian Numbers



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