Latin Gender

Welcome to the fifth Latin lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Latin to help you practice your daily phrases.

man
man Audio
vir
woman
woman Audio
mulier
husband
husband Audio
maritus
wife
wife Audio
uxor
boy
boy Audio
puer
girl
girl Audio
puella
father
father Audio
pater
mother
mother Audio
mater

Gender Grammar Rules

In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.

Grammar + Rules
Latin
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
filius meus discipulus Audio
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
eae filia discipula Audio
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
is fratrem procerum habet Audio
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ea sororem proceram habet Audio
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
fratres eius sunt iuvenes Audio
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
sorores eius sunt iuvenes Audio

The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.

son
son Audio
filius
daughter
daughter Audio
filia
brother
brother Audio
frater
sister
sister Audio
soror
grandfather
grandfather Audio
avus
grandmother
grandmother Audio
avia
child
child Audio
infans
children
children Audio
liberi

Expressions in Latin

Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Latin, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

English
Latin
What do you mean?
quid dicis? Audio
I don't understand
non intellego Audio
I don't know
nescio Audio
What is that called in Latin?
quomdo illum appellatur latine? Audio
What is this?
quid est hoc? Audio
What does that word mean in English?
quid vallet illum verbum anglice? Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)
me paenitet Audio

I hope you enjoyed this lesson about the gender in Latin. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Latin Plural   Latin Plural

Latin Numbers   Latin Numbers



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