Danish Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Danish grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Danish and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Danish and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Danish.

Prepositions
Danish
and
og Audio
above
over Audio
under
under Audio
before
før Audio
after
efter Audio
in front of
foran Audio
behind
bag Audio
far from
langt fra Audio
near
nær Audio
in
i Audio
inside
inde Audio
outside
udenfor Audio
with
med Audio
without
uden Audio
about
om Audio
between
mellem Audio
but
men Audio
for
for Audio
from
fra Audio
to
til Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Danish
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
jeg spiser uden kniv Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
hun bor i nærheden af ​​kirken Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
han er højere end hende Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
han kom med sin lille hund Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
kan du komme med mig? Audio

Negation in Danish

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Danish
I understand you
[affirmative form]
jeg forstår dig Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
jeg forstår dig ikke Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
dette er ikke det rigtige ord Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
forlad mig ikke Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
ikke noget problem Audio

Negative Sentences
Danish
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
jeg taler ikke fransk Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
hun ikke besøge tyskland Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
han kan ikke se os Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
kan hun ikke spille skak? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
vi vil ikke komme sent Audio

Questions in Danish

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Danish
how?
hvordan? Audio
what?
hvad? Audio
who?
hvem? Audio
why?
hvorfor? Audio
where?
hvor? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Danish
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
hvor bor du? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
gør hun taler kinesisk? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
hvor meget koster det? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
kan jeg hjælpe dig? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
hvad er dit navn? Audio

Adverbs in Danish

It's time to learn the adverbs in Danish. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Danish
now
nu Audio
yesterday
i går Audio
today
i dag Audio
tonight
i aften Audio
tomorrow
i morgen Audio
soon
snart Audio
quickly
hurtigt Audio
slowly
langsomt Audio
together
sammen Audio
very
meget Audio
almost
næsten Audio
always
altid Audio
usually
sædvanligvis Audio
sometimes
undertiden Audio
rarely
sjældent Audio
never
aldrig Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Danish
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
forstår du mig nu? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
jeg har brug for hjælp med det samme Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
hun er meget intelligent Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
jeg vil altid elske dig Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
kan vi lære tysk sammen? Audio

Pronouns in Danish

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Danish. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Danish
I
jeg Audio
you
du Audio
he
han Audio
she
hun Audio
we
vi Audio
they
de Audio

Object Pronouns
Danish
me
mig Audio
you
du Audio
him
ham Audio
her
hende Audio
us
os Audio
them
dem Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Danish
my
min Audio
your
deres Audio
his
hans Audio
her
hende Audio
our
vores Audio
their
deres Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Danish
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
jeg er din ven Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
du taler meget hurtigt Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
han har tre hunde Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
hun kan tale tysk Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
vi vil ikke komme sent Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
de købte mælk og brød Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Danish
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
kan du fortælle mig dit navn? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
jeg vil give dig penge Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
hun skrev ham et brev Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
de besøgte hende i går Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
kan hun hjælpe os? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
han gav dem mad Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Danish
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
mit navn er maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
din bror bor her Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
hendes mor laver mad til os Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
hans hobby er at læse bøger Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
vores drøm er at besøge paris Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
deres hus er ikke langt herfra Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Danish
this is my house
dette er mit hus Audio
that restaurant is far
restauranten ligger langt herfra Audio
these apples are delicious
disse æbler er lækre Audio
those stars are shiny
disse stjerner skinner Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Danish grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Danish Phrases   Danish Phrases

Danish Vocabulary   Danish Vocabulary



Share

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus