Somali Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Somali. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Somali.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Somali conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Somali
I speak English
waan ku hadlaa ingiriis
you speak French
waad ku hadashaa faransiis
he speaks German
wuu ku kadlaa jarmal
she speaks Italian
way ku hadashaa talyaani
we speak Arabic
waan ku hadalnaa carabi
they speak Chinese
way ku hadlaan shiinays

The past tense in Somali conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Somali
I visited France
waxaan booqday faransiiska
you visited Italy
waxaad booqatay talyaaniga
he visited Morocco
wuxuu booqday marooko
she visited China
waxay booqatay shiinaha
we visited Mexico
waxaan booqannay mexico
they visited Kenya
waxay booqdeen kenya

The future tense in Somali conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Somali
I will drink milk
waxaan cabi doonaa caano
you will drink coffee
waxaad cabi doontaa qaxwo
he will drink tea
wuxuu cabi doonaa shaah
she will drink water
waxay cabi doontaa biyo
we will drink apple juice
waxaan cabi doonnaa sharaab tufaax
they will drink tea
waxay cabbi doonaan shaah

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear
dheg
eye
eye
il
mouth
mouth
af
nose
nose
san
hair
hair
timo
face
face
waji
head
head
madax
heart
heart
wadne
hand
hand
gacan
fingers
fingers
faro
leg
leg
lug
feet
feet
cago

Travel Phrases in Somali

Imagine yourself in some Somali speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Somali
Can you help me?
ma i caawin kartaa
Can I help you?
ma ku caawin karaa
Where is the airport?
aaway garoonka diyaaradaha
Go straight
toos u bax
Then
ka dib
Turn left
bidix u leexo
Turn right
midig u leexo

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Somali was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Somali Vocabulary   Somali Vocabulary

Somali Audio   Somali Audio



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