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Slovene Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Slovene grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Slovene and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Slovene and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Slovene.

Prepositions - Slovene
and in Audio
above nad Audio
under pod Audio
before pred Audio
after po Audio
in front of pred Audio
behind za Audio
far from daleč od Audio
near blizu Audio
in v Audio
inside notri Audio
outside zunaj Audio
with z Audio
without brez Audio
about o Audio
between med Audio
but toda Audio
for za Audio
from iz/od Audio
to do Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules - Slovene
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun] jem brez noža Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition] ona živi blizu cerkve Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition] on je večji od nje Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun] prišel je s svojim majhnim psom Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun] lahko pridete z mano? Audio

Negation in Slovene

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules - Slovene
I understand you
[affirmative form] razumem vas Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb] ne razumem vas Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective] to ni pravilna beseda Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation] ne zapusti me Audio
no problem
[negation + noun] ni problema Audio

Negative Sentences - Slovene
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense] ne govorim francosko Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense] ona ni obiskala nemčije Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb] on nas ne more videti Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation] ali ona ne zna igrati šaha? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense] ne bomo prišli prepozno Audio

Questions in Slovene

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English - Slovene
how? kako? Audio
what? kaj? Audio
who? kdo? Audio
why? zakaj? Audio
where? kje? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules - Slovene
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb] kje živite? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb] ali ona govori kitajsko? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition] koliko je to? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb] vam lahko pomagam? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition] kako vam je ime? Audio

Adverbs in Slovene

It's time to learn the adverbs in Slovene. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs - Slovene
now zdaj Audio
yesterday včeraj Audio
today danes Audio
tonight nocoj Audio
tomorrow jutri Audio
soon kmalu Audio
quickly hitro Audio
slowly počasi Audio
together skupaj Audio
very zelo Audio
almost skoraj Audio
always vedno Audio
usually običajno Audio
sometimes včasih Audio
rarely redko Audio
never nikoli Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules - Slovene
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb] me zdaj razumete? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb] takoj rabim pomoč Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective] ona je zelo inteligentna Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb] vedno te bom ljubil Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question] se lahko skupaj učimo nemščino? Audio

Pronouns in Slovene

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Slovene. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns - Slovene
I jaz Audio
you ti Audio
he on Audio
she ona Audio
we mi Audio
they oni/one Audio

Object Pronouns - Slovene
me mene Audio
you tebe Audio
him njega Audio
her njo Audio
us nas Audio
them njih Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Slovene
my moj Audio
your tvoj Audio
his njegov Audio
her njen Audio
our naš Audio
their njihov Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns - Slovene
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb] jaz sem tvoj prijatelj Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb] ti govoriš zelo hitro Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb] on ima tri pse Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb] ona govori nemško Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun] ne bomo prišli prepozno Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun] kupili so mleko in kruh Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns - Slovene
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun] mi lahko poveste vaše ime? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun] dal vam bom denar Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun] napisala mu je pismo Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun] obiskali so jo včeraj Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun] nam lahko ona pomaga? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun] on jim je dal hrano Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Slovene
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun] moje ime je maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun] tvoj brat živi tukaj Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun] njena mati kuha za nas Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun] njegov hobi je branje knjig Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun] naše sanje so, da obiščemo pariz Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun] njihova hiša ni daleč Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns - Slovene
this is my house to je moja hiša Audio
that restaurant is far tista restavracija je daleč Audio
these apples are delicious ta jabolka so okusna Audio
those stars are shiny te zvezde so sijoče Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Slovene grammar in this lesson. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus

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