Norwegian Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Norwegian grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Norwegian and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Norwegian and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Norwegian.

Prepositions
Norwegian
and
og Audio
above
ovenfor Audio
under
under Audio
before
før Audio
after
etter Audio
in front of
foran Audio
behind
bak Audio
far from
langt fra Audio
near
i nærheten Audio
in
i Audio
inside
inne Audio
outside
utenfor Audio
with
med Audio
without
uten Audio
about
om Audio
between
mellom Audio
but
men Audio
for
for Audio
from
fra Audio
to
til Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Norwegian
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
jeg spiser uten kniv Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
hun bor i nærheten av kirken Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
han er høyere enn henne Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
han kom med sin lille hund Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
kan du bli med meg? Audio

Negation in Norwegian

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Norwegian
I understand you
[affirmative form]
jeg forstår deg Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
jeg forstår deg ikke Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
dette er ikke det riktige ordet Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
ikke gå fra meg Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
ikke noe problem Audio

Negative Sentences
Norwegian
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
jeg snakker ikke fransk Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
hun besøkte ikke Tyskland Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
han kan ikke se oss Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
kan hun ikke spille sjakk? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
vi vil ikke komme sent Audio

Questions in Norwegian

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Norwegian
how?
hvordan? Audio
what?
hva? Audio
who?
hvem? Audio
why?
hvorfor? Audio
where?
hvor? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Norwegian
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
hvor bor du? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
snakker hun kinesisk? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
hvor mye er dette? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
kan jeg hjelpe deg? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
hva heter du? Audio

Adverbs in Norwegian

It's time to learn the adverbs in Norwegian. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Norwegian
now
Audio
yesterday
i går Audio
today
i dag Audio
tonight
i kveld Audio
tomorrow
i morgen Audio
soon
snart Audio
quickly
raskt Audio
slowly
sakte Audio
together
sammen Audio
very
veldig Audio
almost
nesten Audio
always
alltid Audio
usually
vanligvis Audio
sometimes
noen ganger Audio
rarely
sjelden Audio
never
aldri Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Norwegian
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
forstår du meg nå? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
jeg trenger hjelp umiddelbart Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
hun er svært intelligent Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
jeg vil alltid elske deg Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
kan vi lære tysk sammen? Audio

Pronouns in Norwegian

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Norwegian. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Norwegian
I
jeg Audio
you
du Audio
he
han Audio
she
hun Audio
we
vi Audio
they
de Audio

Object Pronouns
Norwegian
me
meg Audio
you
deg Audio
him
ham Audio
her
henne Audio
us
oss Audio
them
dem Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Norwegian
my
min Audio
your
din Audio
his
hans Audio
her
hennes Audio
our
vår Audio
their
deres Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Norwegian
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
jeg er din venn Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
du snakker veldig fort Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
han har tre hunder Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
hun snakker tysk Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
vi vil ikke komme sent Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
de kjøpte melk og brød Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Norwegian
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
kan du fortelle meg navnet ditt? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
jeg vil gi deg penger Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
hun skrev et brev til ham Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
de besøkte henne i går Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
kan hun hjelpe oss? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
han ga dem mat Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Norwegian
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
jeg heter Maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
broren din bor her Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
moren hennes lager mat til oss Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
hobbyen hans er å lese bøker Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
drømmen vår er å besøke Paris Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
huset deres er ikke langt unna Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Norwegian
this is my house
dette er huset mitt Audio
that restaurant is far
den restauranten ligger langt unna Audio
these apples are delicious
disse eplene er deilige Audio
those stars are shiny
de stjernene skinner klart Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Norwegian grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Norwegian Phrases   Norwegian Phrases

Norwegian Vocabulary   Norwegian Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus