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Hungarian Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Hungarian grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Hungarian and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Hungarian and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Hungarian.

Prepositions - Hungarian
and és Audio
above felett Audio
under alatt Audio
before előtt Audio
after után Audio
in front of előtt Audio
behind mögött Audio
far from messze Audio
near közel Audio
in #NAME? Audio
inside belül Audio
outside kívül Audio
with #NAME? Audio
without nélkül Audio
about körülbelül Audio
between között Audio
but de Audio
for valakinek / valaminek Audio
from -tól / -töl Audio
to #NAME? Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules - Hungarian
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun] kés nélkül eszem Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition] a templom mellett él Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition] magasabb mint ő Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun] kis kutyájával jött Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun] eltudsz jönni velem? Audio

Negation in Hungarian

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules - Hungarian
I understand you
[affirmative form] megértem, hogy Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb] nem értem meg Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective] nem ez a helyes szó Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation] ne hagyj el Audio
no problem
[negation + noun] nincs probléma Audio

Negative Sentences - Hungarian
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense] nem beszélek franciául Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense] nem volt még németországban Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb] nem láthat bennünket Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation] nem tud sakkozni? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense] nem szeretnénk elkésni Audio

Questions in Hungarian

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English - Hungarian
how? hogyan? Audio
what? mi? Audio
who? ki? Audio
why? miért? Audio
where? hol? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules - Hungarian
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb] hol laksz? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb] vajon beszél kínaiul? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition] ez mennyi? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb] tudok segíteni? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition] mi a neved? Audio

Adverbs in Hungarian

It's time to learn the adverbs in Hungarian. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs - Hungarian
now most Audio
yesterday tegnap Audio
today ma Audio
tonight ma este Audio
tomorrow holnap Audio
soon hamar / hamarosan Audio
quickly gyorsan Audio
slowly lassan Audio
together együtt Audio
very nagyon Audio
almost majdnem Audio
always mindig Audio
usually rendszerint Audio
sometimes néha Audio
rarely ritkán Audio
never soha Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules - Hungarian
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb] érted most? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb] azonnal segítségre van szükségem Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective] nagyon intelligens Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb] mindig szeretni foglak Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question] tanulunk együtt németül? Audio

Pronouns in Hungarian

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Hungarian. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns - Hungarian
I én Audio
you if on friendly terms: "te" Audio
he ő Audio
she ő Audio
we mi Audio
they azok otherwise: "ők" Audio

Object Pronouns - Hungarian
me engem Audio
you önt / téged Audio
him őt Audio
her őt Audio
us minket Audio
them őket Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Hungarian
my az én.... Audio
your az ön.... / a te.... Audio
his az ő... Audio
her az ő... Audio
our a mi.... Audio
their az ő.... Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns - Hungarian
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb] barátod vagyok Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb] nagyon gyorsan beszélsz Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb] három kutyája van Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb] tud németül Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun] nem szeretnénk elkésni Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun] vettek tejet és kenyeret Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns - Hungarian
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun] megtudja mondani a nevét? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun] adok neked pénzt Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun] írt neki egy levelet Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun] meglátogatták tegnap Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun] ő tud nekünk segíteni? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun] adott nekik élelmiszert Audio

Possessive Pronouns - Hungarian
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun] a nevem maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun] a bátyád itt lakik Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun] anyja főz ​​nekünk Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun] a hobbija az olvasás Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun] az álmunk a párizsba látogatás Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun] a házunk nincs messze Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns - Hungarian
this is my house ez az én házam Audio
that restaurant is far ez az étterem messze van Audio
these apples are delicious ezek az almák finomak Audio
those stars are shiny azok a csillagok fényesek Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Hungarian grammar in this lesson. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus

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