Hungarian Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Hungarian grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Hungarian and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Hungarian and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Hungarian.

Prepositions
Hungarian
and
és Audio
above
felett Audio
under
alatt Audio
before
előtt Audio
after
után Audio
in front of
előtt Audio
behind
mögött Audio
far from
messze Audio
near
közel Audio
in
#NAME? Audio
inside
belül Audio
outside
kívül Audio
with
#NAME? Audio
without
nélkül Audio
about
körülbelül Audio
between
között Audio
but
de Audio
for
valakinek / valaminek Audio
from
-tól / -töl Audio
to
#NAME? Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Hungarian
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
kés nélkül eszem Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
a templom mellett él Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
magasabb mint ő Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
kis kutyájával jött Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
eltudsz jönni velem? Audio

Negation in Hungarian

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Hungarian
I understand you
[affirmative form]
megértem, hogy Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
nem értem meg Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
nem ez a helyes szó Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
ne hagyj el Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
nincs probléma Audio

Negative Sentences
Hungarian
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
nem beszélek franciául Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
nem volt még németországban Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
nem láthat bennünket Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
nem tud sakkozni? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
nem szeretnénk elkésni Audio

Questions in Hungarian

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Hungarian
how?
hogyan? Audio
what?
mi? Audio
who?
ki? Audio
why?
miért? Audio
where?
hol? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Hungarian
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
hol laksz? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
vajon beszél kínaiul? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
ez mennyi? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
tudok segíteni? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
mi a neved? Audio

Adverbs in Hungarian

It's time to learn the adverbs in Hungarian. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Hungarian
now
most Audio
yesterday
tegnap Audio
today
ma Audio
tonight
ma este Audio
tomorrow
holnap Audio
soon
hamar / hamarosan Audio
quickly
gyorsan Audio
slowly
lassan Audio
together
együtt Audio
very
nagyon Audio
almost
majdnem Audio
always
mindig Audio
usually
rendszerint Audio
sometimes
néha Audio
rarely
ritkán Audio
never
soha Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Hungarian
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
érted most? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
azonnal segítségre van szükségem Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
nagyon intelligens Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
mindig szeretni foglak Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
tanulunk együtt németül? Audio

Pronouns in Hungarian

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Hungarian. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Hungarian
I
én Audio
you
if on friendly terms: "te" Audio
he
ő Audio
she
ő Audio
we
mi Audio
they
azok otherwise: "ők" Audio

Object Pronouns
Hungarian
me
engem Audio
you
önt / téged Audio
him
őt Audio
her
őt Audio
us
minket Audio
them
őket Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Hungarian
my
az én.... Audio
your
az ön.... / a te.... Audio
his
az ő... Audio
her
az ő... Audio
our
a mi.... Audio
their
az ő.... Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Hungarian
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
barátod vagyok Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
nagyon gyorsan beszélsz Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
három kutyája van Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
tud németül Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
nem szeretnénk elkésni Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
vettek tejet és kenyeret Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Hungarian
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
megtudja mondani a nevét? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
adok neked pénzt Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
írt neki egy levelet Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
meglátogatták tegnap Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
ő tud nekünk segíteni? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
adott nekik élelmiszert Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Hungarian
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
a nevem maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
a bátyád itt lakik Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
anyja főz ​​nekünk Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
a hobbija az olvasás Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
az álmunk a párizsba látogatás Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
a házunk nincs messze Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Hungarian
this is my house
ez az én házam Audio
that restaurant is far
ez az étterem messze van Audio
these apples are delicious
ezek az almák finomak Audio
those stars are shiny
azok a csillagok fényesek Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Hungarian grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Hungarian Phrases   Hungarian Phrases

Hungarian Vocabulary   Hungarian Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus