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English Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about English grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak English and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words English and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in English.

and Audio
above Audio
under Audio
before Audio
after Audio
in front of Audio
behind Audio
far from Audio
near Audio
in Audio
inside Audio
outside Audio
with Audio
without Audio
about Audio
between Audio
but Audio
for Audio
from Audio
to Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun] Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition] Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition] Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun] Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun] Audio

Negation in English

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
I understand you
[affirmative form] Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb] Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective] Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation] Audio
no problem
[negation + noun] Audio

Negative Sentences
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense] Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense] Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb] Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation] Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense] Audio

Questions in English

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

how? Audio
what? Audio
who? Audio
why? Audio
where? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb] Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb] Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition] Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb] Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition] Audio

Adverbs in English

It's time to learn the adverbs in English. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

now Audio
yesterday Audio
today Audio
tonight Audio
tomorrow Audio
soon Audio
quickly Audio
slowly Audio
together Audio
very Audio
almost Audio
always Audio
usually Audio
sometimes Audio
rarely Audio
never Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb] Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb] Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective] Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb] Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question] Audio

Pronouns in English

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in English. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
I Audio
you Audio
he Audio
she Audio
we Audio
they Audio

Object Pronouns
me Audio
you Audio
him Audio
her Audio
us Audio
them Audio

Possessive Pronouns
my Audio
your Audio
his Audio
her Audio
our Audio
their Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb] Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb] Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb] Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb] Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun] Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun] Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun] Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun] Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun] Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun] Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun] Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun] Audio

Possessive Pronouns
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun] Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun] Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun] Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun] Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun] Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun] Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
this is my house Audio
that restaurant is far Audio
these apples are delicious Audio
those stars are shiny Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the English grammar in this lesson. Please check out our main menu here for more lessons: homepage. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus

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