Cebuano Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Cebuano grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Cebuano and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Cebuano and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Cebuano.

Prepositions
Cebuano
and
ug Audio
above
ibabaw Audio
under
ilawm Audio
before
wa pa Audio
after
humana Audio
in front of
sa atubangan sa Audio
behind
sa likod Audio
far from
layo sa Audio
near
duol Audio
in
sa Audio
inside
sulod Audio
outside
gawas Audio
with
uban Audio
without
nga wala Audio
about
unsa Audio
between
tungod Audio
but
pero Audio
for
para Audio
from
gikan Audio
to
inig Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Cebuano
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
mukaon ko nga walay kutsilyo Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
nagpuyo siya duol sa kapilya Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
mas taas pa siya kaysa niya Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
niabot siya uban iya gamay nga iro Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
pwede ka muuban nako? Audio

Negation in Cebuano

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Cebuano
I understand you
[affirmative form]
nakasabot ko nimu Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
wa ko kasabot nimu Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
dili ni mao nga sinultian Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
ayaw ko biya-e Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
way problema Audio

Negative Sentences
Cebuano
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
di ko musulti ug French Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
wala siya nibisita sa Germany Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
di siya kita nato Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
di siya kaduwa ug chess? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
di mi muabot nga ulhi Audio

Questions in Cebuano

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Cebuano
how?
giunsa? Audio
what?
unsa? Audio
who?
kinsa? Audio
why?
nganu? Audio
where?
asa? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Cebuano
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
asa ka nagpuyo? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
makastorya siya ug Chinese? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
tagpila man ni? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
Pwede ko makatabang ko nimu? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
unsa imu pangalan? Audio

Adverbs in Cebuano

It's time to learn the adverbs in Cebuano. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Cebuano
now
karon Audio
yesterday
gahapon Audio
today
karon adlawa Audio
tonight
unya gabi-e Audio
tomorrow
ugma Audio
soon
puhon Audio
quickly
paspasay Audio
slowly
Hinay-hinay Audio
together
ubana Audio
very
kaayo Audio
almost
hapit Audio
always
kanunay Audio
usually
sa kanunay Audio
sometimes
usahay Audio
rarely
panagsa Audio
never
dili jud Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Cebuano
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
kasabot naka nako karon? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
nanginahanglan ko ug tabang karon dayun Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
utukan siya kaayo Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
pirmi tika higugmaon Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
pwede mag-uban ug kat-on ug German? Audio

Pronouns in Cebuano

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Cebuano. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Cebuano
I
ako Audio
you
ikaw Audio
he
siya Audio
she
siya Audio
we
kita Audio
they
sila Audio

Object Pronouns
Cebuano
me
nako Audio
you
nimu Audio
him
niya Audio
her
niya Audio
us
nato Audio
them
nila Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Cebuano
my
Ako-a Audio
your
imuha Audio
his
iyaha Audio
her
iyaha Audio
our
Ato-a Audio
their
ilaha Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Cebuano
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
migo man ko nimu Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
paspasa man ka musulti Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
naa siya'y tulo ka iro Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
maskasulti siya ug German Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
Di mi muabot nga ulhi Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
nagpalit sila ug gatas ug pan Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Cebuano
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
pwede ko nimu sultian sa imu pangalan? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
tagaan tika ug kwarta Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
nagsuwat siya ug suwat para niya Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
gibisita siya nila gahapon Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
makatabang ba na siya nato? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
gihatagaan niya sila ug pagkaon Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Cebuano
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
ako pangalan kay Maya Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
imu igsuon nga lalaki kay nagpuyo diri Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
iya inahan kay nagluto para namo Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
ang iya lingaw kay magbasa ug libro Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
ang amo damgo kay mubisita sa Paris Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
di man layo ang ila balay Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Cebuano
this is my house
ako ni balay Audio
that restaurant is far
kana nga kan-anan kay layo Audio
these apples are delicious
kini nga mga mansanas kay lami Audio
those stars are shiny
kadtong mga bituon kay sinaw Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Cebuano grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Cebuano Phrases   Cebuano Phrases

Cebuano Vocabulary   Cebuano Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus