Azerbaijani Grammar

Welcome to the 8th lesson about Azerbaijani grammar. We will first learn about prepositions, negation, questions, adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.

We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Azerbaijani and English the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Azerbaijani and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Azerbaijani.

Prepositions
Azerbaijani
and
Audio
above
yuxarıda Audio
under
altında Audio
before
əvvəl Audio
after
sonra Audio
in front of
qarşısında Audio
behind
arxasında Audio
far from
#NAME? Audio
near
yaxın, yaxınlığında Audio
in
içərisində (or) -da; -də Audio
inside
daxilində Audio
outside
bayırda, çölündə, xaricində Audio
with
ilə Audio
without
sız, -siz, -suz, süz Audio
about
haqqında Audio
between
arasında Audio
but
lakin Audio
for
üçün Audio
from
-dan; -dən Audio
to
doğru; -a, -ə Audio

Preposition Grammar Rules

The following examples use prepositions in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Prepositions + Rules
Azerbaijani
I eat without a knife
[preposition + noun]
bıçaqsız yeyirəm Audio
she lives near the church
[verb + preposition]
o(qadın cinsi), kilsənin yaxınlığında yaşayır Audio
he is taller than her
[adjective + preposition]
o(kişi cinsi) ondan (qadın cinsi) hündürdür. Audio
he came with his small dog
[preposition + pronoun]
o (kişi cinsi) balaca itlə gəlib Audio
can you come with me?
[preposition + pronoun]
mənimlə gələ bilərsən? Audio

Negation in Azerbaijani

Now let's learn how to make a negative sentence (negation). For example: Saying no, I can't, I don't ... The following examples use negation in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.

Negation + Rules
Azerbaijani
I understand you
[affirmative form]
mən sizi başa düşürəm Audio
I don't understand you
[negation + verb]
mən sizi başa düşmürəm Audio
this is not the correct word
[negation + adjective]
bu doğru söz deyil Audio
don't leave me
[imperative negation]
məni tərk etmə Audio
no problem
[negation + noun]
problem yoxdur Audio

Negative Sentences
Azerbaijani
I don't speak French
[negation + present tense]
mən fransız dilində danışa bilmirəm Audio
she didn't visit Germany
[negation + past tense]
o(qadın cinsi), almaniyaya getməyib Audio
he cannot see us
[negative modal verb]
o(kişi cinsi) bizi görə bilmir Audio
can't she play chess?
[interrogative negation]
o(qadın cinsi), şahmat oynaya bilmir? Audio
we will not come late
[negation + future tense]
biz gec gəlməyəcəyik Audio

Questions in Azerbaijani

Now let's learn how to ask questions (interrogative). Such as: what, why, can you ...? Here are some common examples:

English
Azerbaijani
how?
necə? Audio
what?
nə? Audio
who?
kim? Audio
why?
niyə? Audio
where?
harada? Audio

More of the interrogative form, now in a sentence:

Questions + Rules
Azerbaijani
where do you live?
[interrogative + verb]
sən harada yaşayırsan? Audio
does she speak Chinese?
[interrogative verb]
o(qadın cinsi), çin dilində danışa bilir? Audio
how much is this?
[interrogative preposition]
bu neçəyədir? Audio
can I help you?
[interrogative modal verb]
mən sizə kömək edə bilərəm? Audio
what is your name?
[interrogative preposition]
adınız nədir? Audio

Adverbs in Azerbaijani

It's time to learn the adverbs in Azerbaijani. But what is an adverb? In general, adverbs modify verbs and adjectives. For example: You speak fast. The adverb is [fast] because it describes the verb and answers the question how do you speak?. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Adverbs
Azerbaijani
now
indi Audio
yesterday
dünən Audio
today
bugün Audio
tonight
bu axşam Audio
tomorrow
sabah Audio
soon
tezliklə Audio
quickly
cəld Audio
slowly
yavaş-yavaş Audio
together
birlikdə Audio
very
çox Audio
almost
az qala, demək olar ki Audio
always
həmişə Audio
usually
adətən Audio
sometimes
bəzən Audio
rarely
nadir hallarda Audio
never
heç zaman Audio

The following examples use the adverbs in different ways and places to demonstrate how it behaves in a sentence.

Adverbs + Rules
Azerbaijani
do you understand me now?
[pronoun + adverb]
İndi məni başa düşürsən? Audio
I need help immediately
[noun + adverb]
mənim təcili köməyə ehtiyacım var Audio
she is very intelligent
[adverb + adjective]
o(qadın cinsi) çox ağıllıdır Audio
I will always love you
[verb + adverb]
mən həmişə səni sevəcəm Audio
can we learn German together?
[adverb in a question]
birlikdə alman dilini öyrənə bilərik? Audio

Pronouns in Azerbaijani

We're almost done! This time we will learn the pronouns in Azerbaijani. In general, a pronoun can be used instead of a noun. For example instead of saying my teacher speaks 3 languages, you can use the pronoun he, and say he speaks 3 languages. Here is a list of the most common ones:

Personal Pronouns
Azerbaijani
I
mən Audio
you
sən Audio
he
o (kişi cinsi) Audio
she
o (qadın cinsi) Audio
we
biz Audio
they
onlar Audio

Object Pronouns
Azerbaijani
me
məni; mənə Audio
you
sizi; sizə; səni; sənə Audio
him
onu; ona (kişi cinsi) Audio
her
onu; ona (qadın cinsi) Audio
us
bizi; bizə Audio
them
onları; onlara Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Azerbaijani
my
mənim Audio
your
sənin Audio
his
onun (kişi cinsi) Audio
her
onun (qadın cinsi) Audio
our
bizim Audio
their
onların Audio

I think it's better to put the above example in a sentence to better assist you. The following examples use pronouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence. We will start with the personal pronouns.

Personal Pronouns
Azerbaijani
I am your friend
[1st pronoun + verb]
mən sizin dostunuzam Audio
you speak very fast
[2nd pronoun + adverb]
çox sürətli danışırsınız Audio
he has three dogs
[3rd pronoun + verb]
onun (kişi cinsi) üç iti var Audio
she can speak German
[3rd pronoun + verb]
o (qadın cinsi) alman dilində danışa bilir Audio
we will not come late
[1st plural pronoun]
biz gec gəlməyəcəyik Audio
they bought milk and bread
[3rd plural pronoun]
onlar süd və çörək aldılar Audio

The object pronoun is used as a target by a verb, and usually come after that verb. For example: I gave him my book. The object pronoun here is him. Here are more examples:

Object Pronouns
Azerbaijani
can you tell me your name?
[1st object pronoun]
mənə adınızı deyə bilərsiniz? Audio
I will give you money
[2nd object pronoun]
mən sizə pul verəcəm Audio
she wrote him a letter
[3rd object pronoun]
o(qadın cinsi) ona (kişi cinsi) məktub yazıb Audio
they visited her yesterday
[3rd object pronoun]
onlar dünən ona baş çəkdilər Audio
can she help us?
[1st pl. object pronoun]
o (qadın cinsi) bizə kömək edə bilər? Audio
he gave them food
[3rd pl. object pronoun]
o (kişi cinsi) onlara ərzaq verdi Audio

Possessive Pronouns
Azerbaijani
my name is Maya
[1st possessive pronoun]
mənim adım mayadır Audio
your brother lives here
[2nd possessive pronoun]
sizin qardaşınız burada yaşayır Audio
her mother cooks for us
[3rd possessive pronoun]
onun(qadın cinsi) anası bizə yemək bişirir Audio
his hobby is reading books
[3rd possessive pronoun]
onun (kişi cinsi) hobbisi kitab oxumaqdır Audio
our dream is to visit Paris
[1st pl. possessive pronoun]
bizim arzumiz parisə getməkdir Audio
their house is not far
[3rd pl. possessive pronoun]
onların evi uzaqda deyil Audio

One more thing you need to know is the demonstrative pronouns. They're very easy to learn.

Demonstrative Pronouns
Azerbaijani
this is my house
bu mənim evimdir Audio
that restaurant is far
o restoran uzaqdadır Audio
these apples are delicious
bu almalar dadlıdır Audio
those stars are shiny
o ulduzlar parlaqdır Audio

I hope you learned a lot about the Azerbaijani grammar in this lesson. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. The next lesson is below, have fun!

Azerbaijani Phrases   Azerbaijani Phrases

Azerbaijani Vocabulary   Azerbaijani Vocabulary



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Inspirational Quote: First say to yourself what you would be; and then do what you have to do. Epictetus