Ukrainian Verbs

Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Ukrainian. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Ukrainian.

Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Ukrainian conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:

Present Tense
Ukrainian
Pronunciation
I speak English
я розмовляю англійською
[ya rozmovlyayo angulіysʲkoyo] Audio
you speak French
ви говорите по-французьки
[vi guovoritye po-frantzoozʲki] Audio
he speaks German
він говорить німецькою
[vіn guovoritʲ nіmyetzʲkoyo] Audio
she speaks Italian
вона говорить італійською
[vona guovoritʲ іtalіysʲkoyo] Audio
we speak Arabic
ми говорили по-арабськи
[mi guovorili po-arabsʲki] Audio
they speak Chinese
вони говорять по-китайськи
[voni guovoryatʲ po-kitaysʲki] Audio

The past tense in Ukrainian conveys a situation or event in the past time. Here are some examples:

Past Tense
Ukrainian
Pronunciation
I visited France
я відвідав францію
[ya vіdvіdav frantzіyo] Audio
you visited Italy
ви відвідали італію
[vi vіdvіdali іtalіyo] Audio
he visited Morocco
він відвідав марокко
[vіn vіdvіdav marokko] Audio
she visited China
вона відвідала китай
[vona vіdvіdala kitay] Audio
we visited Mexico
ми відвідали мексику
[mi vіdvіdali myeksikoo] Audio
they visited Kenya
вони відвідали кенію
[voni vіdvіdali kyenіyo] Audio

The future tense in Ukrainian conveys a situation or event which is anticipated to happen in the future. Here are some examples:

Future Tense
Ukrainian
Pronunciation
I will drink milk
я буду пити молоко
[ya boodoo piti moloko] Audio
you will drink coffee
ви будете пити каву
[vi boodyetye piti kavoo] Audio
he will drink tea
він буде пити чай
[vіn boodye piti chay] Audio
she will drink water
вона буде пити воду
[vona boodye piti vodoo] Audio
we will drink apple juice
ми будемо пити яблучний сік
[mi boodyemo piti yabloochniy sіk] Audio
they will drink tea
вони будуть пити чай
[voni boodootʲ piti chay] Audio

Now let's take a break and refresh our vocabulary by learning the body parts.

ear
ear Audio
вухо [vookho]
eye
eye Audio
око [oko]
mouth
mouth Audio
рот [rot]
nose
nose Audio
ніс [nіs]
hair
hair Audio
волосся [volossya]
face
face Audio
обличчя [oblichchya]
head
head Audio
голова [guolova]
heart
heart Audio
серце [syertzye]
hand
hand Audio
долоня [dolonya]
fingers
fingers Audio
пальці [palʲtzі]
leg
leg Audio
нога [nogua]
feet
feet Audio
ноги [nogui]

Travel Phrases in Ukrainian

Imagine yourself in some Ukrainian speaking country. The following travel phrases are highly important and can help you avoid misunderstanding. Try to memorize them and practice!

English
Ukrainian
Pronunciation
Can you help me?
ви можете мені допомогти?
[vi moʐyetye myenі dopomoguti?] Audio
Can I help you?
я можу вам допомогти?
[ya moʐoo vam dopomoguti?] Audio
Where is the airport?
де аеропорт?
[dye ayeroport?] Audio
Go straight
ідіть прямо
[іdіtʲ pryamo] Audio
Then
потім
[potіm] Audio
Turn left
поверніть ліворуч
[povyernіtʲ lіvorooch] Audio
Turn right
поверніть праворуч
[povyernіtʲ pravorooch] Audio

I hope this lesson about the verbs in Ukrainian was not hard for you. If you have any question about this lesson please contact me here. Now it's time to check the next lesson below.

Ukrainian Vocabulary   Ukrainian Vocabulary

Ukrainian Audio   Ukrainian Audio



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